Alan Matthews

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Alan Matthews is Professor Emeritus of European Agricultural Policy in the Department of Economics at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. His major research interests are agricultural policy analysis, the impact of international trade on developing countries, and computable general equilibrium analysis of trade and agricultural policy reforms. He has worked as a consultant to the European Parliament, the OECD, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations and the UN Industrial Development Organisation, and has been a panel member in a number of WTO Dispute Settlement procedures. He is a former President of the European Association of Agricultural Economists but writes here in a personal capacity.

Recent blog posts written by Alan Matthews

The distribution of CAP payments by member state

Scottish Government tables on CAP payments by member state show differences are reducing, but remain substantial.

Budget impasse creates uncertainty over December farm payments

Budget battles between the Council and Parliament : what they might mean for farm payments in December

Did we really need the Milk Package?

Does the gradual increase in producers’ and processor’s share of the final milk price in recent years mean the Milk Package was redundant?

“Habemus consilium rusticarum”

The outstanding elements in the CAP political agreement are finally agreed.

Distributing farm payments in Ireland

Submission outlining my views on convergence, flexibility and coupling in the implementation of the Direct Payments regulation in Ireland

OECD Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation Report 2013

Latest OECD agricultural policy monitoring report shows 9% increase in measured support to EU farmers in 2012, due to widening gap between producer and world market prices.

The end of export subsidies?

The new single CMO regulation introduces a further tightening of the limits on the use of export subsidies in the future.

EU budget negotiations and farmers’ 2013 single farm payment

Uncertainty will continue over the value of 2013 SFP payment entitlements until the end of this year.

The Doha Round Bali ‘mini-package’ in agriculture

A summary of the agricultural issues being discussed as part of the Bali mini-package in the Doha Development Round.

Prospects for a Doha Round mini-package at Bali this year

Another failure at Bali would surely bring the stuttering Doha Round to an end, even if no WTO member wants to be the first to pronounce it dead. But what should take its place?

Intervention arrangements in the new CAP

The importance of public intervention in the CAP has steadily diminished and the recent CAP reform political agreement does not change this.

CAP reform implementation consultations begin

EU member state governments have started consultation processes on how to use the flexibility given to member states in the CAP reform political agreementin June.

Does the CAP cap agricultural spending in the EU?

If EU agricultural policy were renationalised, would spending on agricultural policy be even greater than currently under the CAP?

WTO EU Trade Policy Review 2013

Latest WTO review of EU trade policy shows marginal fall in average MFN applied tariffs but there are still many tariff peaks.

The CAP budget in the MFF Part 3 – Pillar 2 rural development allocations

France runs away in the new allocation of Pillar 2 rural development funds.

The CAP budget in the MFF Part 2 – direct payment envelopes in Pillar 1

How member states direct payment envelopes are affected by the European Council conclusions on the next MFF.

The CAP budget in the MFF agreement

The next MFF contains no discretionary reduction in CAP Pillar 1 expenditure, over and above what a continuation of current rules would imply, while the discretionary reduction in Pillar 2 is 18% between 2013 and 2020.

A triumph for the Irish Presidency – a damp squib for CAP reform

A flurry of activity in the past two days under the Irish Presidency opens the path to approval of the new CAP regulations in September.

The June Agricultural Council issues paper

Presidency issues paper defines the outstanding issues and possible compromises for a political agreement in the CAP reform trilogue process.

The June Agricultural Council

At this stage, none of the parties are contemplating the options if there is no agreement following the June Agricultural Council next week.

The MFF compromise texts

While it will be difficult for the Parliament to accept, now is not the time for it to use the blunderbuss of its veto power by rejecting the MFF for an unprecedented time.

Provisional MFF agreement still to be approved

The compromise MFF agreement is a major achievement for the Irish Presidency but approval by the Council and the Parliament will be a rocky process.

Tuesday 18 June – high noon (or long midnight) for an MFF agreement?

With the MFF negotiations between Council and Parliament headings towards a high-noon showdown next Tuesday 18 June, this post recalls the steps in the trilogue process to this point.

What will change in EU rural development policies after 2013?

Presentation by Francesco Mantino discusses what we can expect in next rural development programmes following CAP reform.

Where stand the CAP reform negotiations?

Two presentations at a conference of Italian agricultural economists in Parma last week summarise the state of CAP reform negotiations

Wasting money on young farmers?

The problem with Europe’s ageing farmers is too few exits rather than too few entrants, and the proposed top-up payment for young farmers in Pillar 1 does nothing to address this problem.

EU to ban reusable olive oil bottles in restaurants

Proposal to ban open olive oil bottles in restaurants is an excessive reaction to problems of olive oil adulteration

A race against time

Time is running out to conclude this CAP reform under the Irish Presidency, but a June agreement remains a possibility.

A short bibliography on CAP greening

Links to a short bibliography on CAP greening

MFF negotiations blown off course as European Parliament plays poker

The Parliament’s refusal to begin the planned MFF trilogues with the Council makes it difficult to envisage a political agreement under the Irish Presidency.

What farmers should do to qualify for the new CAP green payment

The Council and Parliament will struggle to reconcile their differences over how much flexibility to allow to member states and farmers in deciding eligibliity for the green payment in Pillar 1.

CAP reform uncertainty and the market for entitlements

Uncertainty over new direct payment regulations is affect the market for single payment entitlements.

Impact of CAP subsidies on productivity

New study finds evidence that moving to decoupled farm subsidies under the CAP has had a small but measurable impact on farm productivity.

How MEPs voted on CAP reform

Find out how your MEPs voted on the CAP reform regulations

Evolution of the direct payments regulation

Compare the evolution of amendments to the CAP direct payments regulation over the course of the legislative process.

Implications of the new redistributive payment

For those member states that introduce it, the redistributive payment can introduce a much more significant degree of progressivity into CAP payments than what we have seen heretofore.

Promoting innovation through the EIP Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability

How will member states mainstream the European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability into their forthcoming rural development programmes?

Implications of the European Council MFF agreement for the agricultural environment

This is a shortened version of a post which was first written for the Institute for International and European Affairs EnvironmentNexus blog From the perspective of the agricultural environment, there are three elements in the European Council conclusions on the EU’s Multi-annual Financial Framework on 7-8 February which should be noted. The first element is [...]

Will the MFF be agreed this week?

Even if the European Council agree on a new 7-year EU budget this week, approval by the Parliament is not a foregone conclusion.

The MFF numbers – where we stand

Use this MFF ready reckoner to evaluate the proposal put by van Rompuy to European Council leaders later this week.

The development interest in the CAP reform debate

COMAGRI voted against including a mechanism to monitor the impact of the CAP on developing countries, this should be included in the Parliament’s negotiating mandate when the plenary votes in March.

Following the negotiations on the Direct Payments Regulation

As regards the direct payments regulation, both legislative institutions are converging on a similar set of proposals and no issue sticks out which might cause real difficulties when the trilogue negotiations begin.

The significance of Rule 70 for CAP reform negotiations

To understand the possible timing of the CAP reform negotiations it is crucial to understand the new decision-making process under the Lisbon Treaty involving both the Parliament and the Council. In a recent post, I set out my understanding of the process, based on the assumption shared by most commentators (for example, see this Brussels [...]

Forum on CAP reform

Series of papers on the CAP reform process provide excellent overview of key issues

Welcome to the Irish Presidency

The Irish Presidency faces an uphill battle to reach agreement on CAP reform during its six-months tenure.

Cyprus Presidency progress report on CAP reform – direct payment controversies

Discussion on Cyprus Presidency CAP reform progress report at Agricultural Council this week will highlight divisions on internal convergence and greening in the direct payments regulation.

Correction: Rural development funds allocation

There has been much interest in the provenance of the figures on the allocation of rural development funding between member states which I discussed in this post earlier this week. In the post I said that these were figures circulated by Herman van Rompuy during the special European Council meeting to discuss the MFF on [...]

Understanding the ‘active farmer’ debate

Proposed definition of active farmers restores link between production and payments.

Rural development funds allocation hits new member states

What new member states gain through convergence of Pillar 1 payments they could lose in Pillar 2 allocations under the latest Van Rompuy proposals.

Council debate on greening raises more questions than answers

Watching the videostream of the Agricultural Council’s greening debate held earlier this week was a rather depressing experience. There is something profoundly wrong with a decision-making system where food and agricultural policy is determined solely by agricultural ministers who speak on behalf of their farmers only, with only the Commission present to even vaguely represent [...]