Stefan Tangermann, Professor Emeritus at the University of Gottingen and former Director of the Trade and Agriculture Division of the OECD, has produced a devastating critique of the Commission’s CAP post-2013 communication for the European Parliament.
A hard-hitting advertising campaign by French environmentalists has inflamed the national debate on agriculture, but will it result in a greener CAP?
‘More from less’ is the new mantra in science circles. Will someone tell the European Parliament?
A new paper by Franco Sotte shows how examining the ex post importance of CAP payments in the EU budget rather than their ex ante shares gives a different understanding of how Member States benefit from the CAP budget.
Changing consumption patterns, not production systems, offers the best way to reduce the contribution of farming to climate change
I would like to use this post to draw attention to a recent paper which I wrote for the International Centre for Sustainable Trade and Development which examined how developing countries might be affected by the Commission’s proposals for CAP reform set out in the November 2010 communication. One of the positive features in the [...]
For some, farm subsidies are the answer to every problem
Decoupling means EU has plenty of headroom if a WTO agreement to cap trade-distorting farm subsidies is reached
On 13 January, Dacian Ciolos gave testimony to the UK Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee on CAP reform.
An obscure consultation document reveals what the Commission really thinks about the future of the CAP
The likely size of the EU budget in the next financial perspective period (the length of which still remains to be decided, whether 2013-2000 or 2013-2024) became a little clearer last month with the publication of a letter to the President of the European Commission signed by five Member States including France, Germany and the [...]
The EU Commission’s report on indirect land use change related to biofuels and bioliquids released just before Christmas has made the continuation of the EU’s renewable energy in transport targets extremely problematic. Indeed, it is hard to see how this policy can survive in the New Year without some extremely clever footwork by the Commission. [...]
The Commission has just forwarded the first of two required reports on the milk market situation and the prospects for a smooth phasing-out of the milk quota system. The next one is due at the end of 2012. The report concludes that a “soft landing” is on track in an overwhelming majority of Member States. [...]
The US Congressional Research Service has just updated its review of the US-EU beef hormone dispute, one of the longest-running trade disputes under GATT/WTO dating back to the 1980s. The briefing sets out the milestones in the dispute, discusses the basis for the differing positions of the EU and the US on the scientific evidence [...]
The Commission’s November 2010 communication on the future of the CAP post-2013 envisaged that Pillar 1 direct payments might, in future, consist of three elements: a basic income support payment; a green payment; and a natural handicap payment. Another theme of the communication is that greater flexibility should be given to Member States in how [...]
The formal Commission communication on the future of the CAP published today, and which Jack Thurston has summarised below in his own inimical way, had become available some weeks ago in a leaked version when it went into inter-service consultation. It is an interesting exercise to deduce, from a comparison of the two versions, what [...]
Commission explains why it’s vital the EU pays its farmers but puts off big decisions for another day.
New maps from DG Regio show the uneven benefits of CAP spending
French environment and agriculture ministers in public dust up over the future direction of the CAP
Why are rising sugar prices not feeding through into the market for ethanol feedstocks?
The European Court of Auditors today released a report reviewing the outcome of the 2006 sugar regime reform. The Court makes some criticisms of the design of the 2006 reform, but more important are its findings and recommendations which are likely to feed into the debate on the shape of the CAP post-2013. Here the [...]
The French Ministry of the environment has spectacularly broken ranks with the Ministry of agriculture by publishing its vision ‘For a sustainable agricultural policy in 2013’. The 17-page document does not beat about the bush: it calls for a radical overhaul and puts down numbers. After stormy protests, it has been withdrawn from the Ministry webpage.
The EU renewables target of 10% of transport fuel by 2020 to be met mainly by biofuels has been heavily criticised for its potential impact on diverting land from food to fuel production and thus putting upward pressure on food prices. Another source of criticism is whether it does actually contribute to reducing overall greenhouse [...]
One result of the last two enlargements in 2004 and 2007 was to bring millions of small farms into the EU, most of which are either subsistence farms (SFs) or semi-subsistence farms (SSFs). Various definitions of what is a subsistence or semi-subsistence farm exist (see the background paper on this topic by Sophia Davidova and [...]
The Commission has published its long-delayed budget review which follows a public consultation on the EU budget which began as a mid-term budget review in 2008-09. An earlier version leaked last year, and apparently drafted by Commission President Barroso’s advisers (see Jack Thurston’s post on this), recommended specific targets for the reallocation of EU spending, [...]
The draft Commission communication on the CAP towards 2020 is an underwhelming document, not just for those seeking to push an ambitious reform agenda but also for those seeking a roadmap to address issues that the Commissioner himself has identified as up for discussion. As Mairead McGuinness, the Irish MEP, commented, it lacks both detail [...]
The leaked commission communication on the future of the CAP reveals internal contradictions in the core approach. An extended guest post by Jorge Núñez Ferrer
It is traditional that the Commission leaks a near-final version of its communications on CAP reform. Here’s this year’s.
The EU’s rural development policies are excessively concentrated on agriculture and insufficiently integrated with other regional policies
In the past, when France and Germany have worked together, they have been able to dictate the future of the CAP. A new policy position seeks to preserve this tradition.
‘Public money for public goods’ has become a powerful slogan in the battle for the future of the CAP. But what does it mean?
This autumn the future of the EU budget will take political centre stage in Brussels
Tumbling farm incomes make good headlines, but the reality is that we don’t seem to be able to measure farmers’ income in a satisfactory way in the EU.
EU agri-environmental policy dates back to the mid-1980s and became a mandatory part of the EU agricultural policy toolkit in 1992. Initial implementation in many Member States emphasised policies designed to mitigate the environmental harm associated with agricultural intensification (e.g. by paying farmers to lower fertiliser inputs) but over time and under Commission prodding the [...]
Today and tomorrow, DG Agriculture is organising a tightly controlled, invitation-only ‘public conference’ on the future of the CAP.
In an earlier post, I wondered whether there were data on the relative carbon efficiency of agricultural production in Europe versus third countries. A recent FAO study arising from a collaborative effort by FAO and the International Dairy Federation which assesses GHG emissions from the dairy food chain throws light on this. The study uses [...]
A stinging attack on the European Parliament’s agriculture committee from one of Europe’s leading environmental NGOs
A new report reveals which farms would survive without CAP subsidies and which would fail
A study commissioned by the European Parliament endorses the ‘public money for public goods’ mantra.
The closer that CAP reform negotiations come to the finish line, the more will member states look at their financial bottom line. ‘How much do we pay, how much do we get?’ That question will concern finance ministers and heads of states at least as much as the objectives and instruments the CAP funds are spent on.
The historical roots of agricultural protectionism in Europe are deep – going back to the 19th century. Agriculture is not special in itself but a classical example of special interests defending their rents to the detriment of collective welfare.
Two pillars are not enough for a sustainable future for the CAP, say leading agricultural economists.
The German government has recently announced its position on the post-2013 CAP – which is at loggerheads with the call for reforms published by its scientific advisory bodies.
The mid-term evaluation of the 2007-13 rural development programs is underway. Its results will provide crucial input for the post-2013 CAP. But the inherent limitations of evaluation should equally inform policy design.
The CAP is still hurting developing countries, say the UN and the OECD. But will European development NGOs engage in the battle over the future of the CAP?
This week’s digest of CAP-related news and views
How effective is the evaluation of rural development policy? A practitioner’s opinion and a seminar.
Farmsubsidy.org reveals who got what from the CAP in 2009