20 years have passed since the Earth Summit was organised in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) will also be held in Rio this week and the apparent question comes what has happened in 20 years time. Almost nothing, many argue, as global sustainability is more on the [...]
Michel Dantin’s draft COMAGRI report on the single Common Market Organisation regulation would allow producer organisations greater powers to manage supply particularly in crisis situations.
The Danish Presidency has made some progress in narrowing the differences in Council on the CAP negotiating texts.
The Capoulas Santos draft rapporteur’s report accepts the broad lines of the Commission’s proposal – greater coordination with other structural funds, abolition of the axes, more encouragement for innovation, inclusion of support for risk management – and concentrates on fine tuning some of its specific elements.
The dazzling opening ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympics was a triumph of discipline, choreography, stagecraft. London will host the games later this summer and it was announced today that the 2012 opening ceremony will take an altogether different, gentler approach. The 2012 Olympics will open with a pastoral representation of the countryside comprising a [...]
COMAGRI draft rapporteur’s report on direct payments addresses some of the concerns of Member States, but the overall environmental ambition likely to be delivered by this reform remains unclear.
The EU’s tariff regime for agri-food imports is highly discriminatory, intended to benefit developing countries in particular. But tariff barriers are still important for Southern Mediterrananean countries and South Africa.
The slowdown in total factor productivity growth in agriculture needs to be reversed, but there continues to be a lack of clarity about the Commission’s proposals and what they will mean in practice.
New tariff database allows assessment of EU agricultural protection in a global context.
The Commission’s proposal to make rural development funding conditional on macroeconomic good behaviour in the next MFF might not be a good idea.
Sugar producers and processers line up against sugar users in the debate on eliminating sugar quotas in 2015.
The MFF negotiating box dealing with CAP issues gives a good idea of the extent of the disagreements that must be bridged before a successful outcome.
The EU’s efforts to promote green growth in the food and agriculture sectors do not seem commensurate with the level of ambition required.
Latest evidence shows that negotiations on greening have moved to their second stage. Since 12 October 2011, numerous critiques have arisen regarding the greening proposals criticised as ineffective and overly-restrictive for farmers. As a response to these, the European Commission proposed making some farming practices ‘equivalent’ to the three greening measures last Tuesday. Practically, this [...]
New IEEP study shows the inappropriateness of mandating fixed and uniform management actions across the whole of the EU to achieve environmental goals. Existing entry-level agri-environment schemes in member states involve very diverse management practices which are often revised in the light of experience.
A Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) is about to replace the SPS and the SAPS from 2014, therefore payment entitlements obtained under SPS shall expire on 31 December 2013. Under the new BPS, entitlements will be allocated to farmers who apply for it by 15 May 2014 and if he/she has either activated at least one [...]
Europe’s farmers are getting older because of fundamental economic and demographic factors. There is little that age-specific agricultural policies can do to reverse or even slow this trend.
Competitiveness and innovation in the agriculture of new Member States before EU accession can be assessed as relatively poor. In a part of the area, the situation even resembled the situation in developing countries. In the parts where a certain level of development was achieved, i.e. closer to the Central Europe part of EU, [...]
Court criticises the Commission’s legislative proposals for failing to identify clear objectives which would allow the performance of CAP policies to be properly assessed.
The Global Mail reports on a shocking case of alleged abuses of migrant workers in the Spanish horticulture industry, concentrated in the southern Spanish region of Almería along a 200km strip of hothouses known as el mar de plásticos. This is where much of Europe’s salad vegetable crop is grown. Allegations range from payment below [...]
How the CAP’s tariff policy contributes to international price volatility.
On 1 January 2011, 41% of EU-27 population lived in urban regions, 35% in intermediate regions and only 23% in rural regions, as suggested by the latest release of Eurostat. What is more, the population of urban regions grew by 5.2 per 1000 inhabitants, that of intermediate regions by 2.2‰, while rural regions decreased by [...]
The latest EU notification of domestic support to the WTO contains no surprises, and documents the continuing downward trend in amber box support in the EU total.
A new Notre Europe study sees some merits in the Commission’s CAP 2013 proposals while arguing that it falls short of a major reform, but the proposals are defended as an initial step which can be further corrected and amended in future reforms.
The opportunity should be taken to remove export subsidies from the Single Common Market Organisation regulation in the review of the CAP post-2013.
The EU’s renewable energy targets and not just biofuel mandates have potentially adverse effects for rural communities in developing countries, but requiring sustainability criteria is only a partial solution.
New study of agri-environment schemes shows that it is worth going for more individualised, complex schemes in spite of the much higher administrative costs implied by this approach.
It seems that the definition of an active farmer is harder than one might expect at first sight.
The EU Commission’s proposal to introduce changes in direct payments is based on the perception that a new rationale for these payments is needed. But the new justification for direct payments proposed by the Commission is not convincing as this post explains.
It seems that the introduction of capping is irrelevant to almost all stakeholders and therefore can result in a political consensus.
A new alliance, led by France, seems to have arisen to save the status quo in the CAP post-2013.
Central European Chambers of Agriculture published a joint declaration last November demonstrating the interests of New Member States in the CAP post-2013.
The idea of the “green menu system”, proposed by the Groupe de Bruges in their recently published critical analysis of the Commission’s proposals is well worth considering.
The post is discussing whether the substance of the proposed greening of the CAP even allows for a more targeted and environmentally tailored orientation of the policy, or is it more about the fight for preservation of the money for agriculture. The answer could be that the green conditioning of the direct payments not only lacks a clearly defined target, which could lead to additional administrative problems, but also its environmental effects and economic justification are questionable.
Leaked figures for the Commission’s default values for carbon emissions from biofuels including indirect land use change suggest biodiesel might no longer be eligible to be counted against the EU’s renewable transport energy target.
The first Agricultural Council under the Danish Presidency chaired by Danish Agriculture Minister Mette Gjerskov discussed the Commission’s proposed single CMO regulation last Monday. Divisions were evident over sugar quotas, but a positive sign was the number of ministers who expressly opposed the continued use of export subsidies.
The demand from the new member states for greater convergence in the value of the direct payment per eligible hectare in the current CAP negotiations means that the redistribution of budget resources between the member states is now firmly on the reform agenda. But it also makes reaching agreement much more difficult.
Today, the European Commission has launched the fiftieth anniversary of the Common Agricultural Policy. The Commission’s campaign wants to emphasise the CAP as a cornerstone of European integration, as a policy that has provided European citizens with half a century of food security and a living countryside. No one wants to spoil a good party, but of course the overall balance sheet of the CAP remains controversial, to say the least.
EU agricultural real income per worker has risen again in 2011, raising serious questions regarding the idea of continuous income support endorsed by the European Commission.
More on the European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability (EIP-A)
Some further information on the Commission’s plans for the EIPA-A is now in the public domain, but we are still waiting for a Communication to spell out how exactly it will contribute to strengthening innovation in the agri-food sector.
The UK Oxford Farming Conference commissioned a report to examine the dynamics and implications of global agricultural power. What is meant by agricultural power and why might it be important?
The Commission’s expectations for the EU sugar market following the end of sugar quotas in 2015 are contained in its market outlook to 2020 publication published last month. The elimination of quotas is expected to have a negligible impact on the EU sugar market.
The Polish Presidency was not focusing especially on agriculture but has reached some important results as well as missed some opportunities depending on which side of the coin one looks.
While levels of agricultural support and protection have been falling in OECD countries, agricultural support in a number of (but not all) emerging economies has been increasing. Rising agricultural support in emerging economies may lead to these countries breaching their WTO commitments, and this trend will raise difficult questions about the reasonableness and fairness of these commitments.
Europe’s laying hens are looking forward to a happier New Year, but what will happen to the eggs from the 50 million birds still kept in conventional battery cages?
The refusal of the Environment Council meeting on 19 December last to endorse the Commission’s greening proposals in its legislative proposals for CAP reform has been interpreted as a victory for agricultural interests attempting to water down the greening element in these proposals. But this interpretation may underestimate the extent to which there is genuine doubt about the effectiveness and environmental value of the measures that the Commission proposes.
Moving to the regional model of basic income support poses considerable challenges for member states which currently use the historical model. An Irish proposal seeks to create a linkage between the mechanism used for converging payments across member states and flattening payments within member states, but will it fly?
Commission conference with academics and researchers on the CAP reform legislative reform proposals on 19 December 2011.
Ireland proposes an allocation key based on Pillars 1 and 2 combined which has the virtue of consistency but which would need further modifications to make it acceptable to the new member states.
Decisions at the Durban climate conference will have potentially important effects for the challenges facing EU farming as it attempts to reduce its carbon footprint in order to meet EU greenhouse gas emission reduction targets.