EU agricultural policy is increasingly shaped by external forces and objectives, and this will continue to be the case after 2020
Determining the UK’s share of the EU’s trade-distorting domestic support ceiling after Brexit will depend partly on the allocation key but also the amount to which it is applied.
Dispelling some myths on agriculture in the debate around Brexit
The EU makes a proposal in the WTO to eliminate all export subsidies within three years.
The EU’s importance as global agrifood exporter and importer is declining over time.
Discusses background to US beef exports to the EU and asks if beef should be treated as a sensitive product in TTIP negotiations with the US
The EU is a largely self-sufficient economy when it comes to food and agriculture, so trade liberalisation will have limited impacts.
A UK withdrawal from the EU would raise trade costs for EU farm and food exporters and importers to and from the UK, depending on the trade arrangements in place after withdrawal.
The impact of Russian sanctions against EU agri-food exports need to be kept in perspective, but will affect particular products and countries.
Food safety standards are one of the most difficult chapters in the US EU free trade negotiations for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
Commissioner Ciolos’ suggestion that export subsidies should be prohibited in trade agreements with African countries is a limited move but should be adopted.
Developing countries are now the dynamic motor behind the growth in global agrifood trade.
Latest WTO review of EU trade policy shows marginal fall in average MFN applied tariffs but there are still many tariff peaks.
The EU’s tariff regime for agri-food imports is highly discriminatory, intended to benefit developing countries in particular. But tariff barriers are still important for Southern Mediterrananean countries and South Africa.
New study suggests the EU along with China would be the major winner from a conclusion of the Doha Round negotiations, with limited impacts expected for EU agriculture.
The European Trade Union Confederation has questioned whether farmers should be entitled to support from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund in the next financial framework period.
Updated and revised analysis of the trade and development implications of the Commission’s legislative proposals published.
The historical roots of agricultural protectionism in Europe are deep – going back to the 19th century. Agriculture is not special in itself but a classical example of special interests defending their rents to the detriment of collective welfare.
The EU dairy market is now recovering from the severe drop in milk prices in 2009. Perhaps the clearest sign of this recovery is the setting of export refunds on dairy products to zero since mid-November, as world market prices for dairy products have strengthened in recent months. It is thus an opportune time to [...]
When the negotiators in the Uruguay Round of the GATT introduced the concept of the ‘green box’ – farm support measures that are minimally or non-trade distorting and therefore exempt from any limits – few would have foreseen that within 15 years, the bulk of farm support in the developed world would be in the [...]
I realise that opposition politicians have to say all things to all persons and jump on any bandgwagon that’s going on, but I must say that I found an interview with Nick Herbert, the shadow Defra secretary, in Farmers Weekly a bit disappointing. It remains to be seen whether the MP for Arundel and South [...]
The resort to intervention buying and export refunds in the dairy sector has been predictably bad PR for the EU, especially in the southern hemisphere. But a more fundamental question is, can these tired old policy instruments work any magic in a deep economic crisis?
It was the recession of the 1930s that ushered in agricultural protectionism and subsidies, not least in the United States. Now the European Union has reverted to two of its old favourite policy instruments: intervention buying and export subsidies in the dairy sector just when we thought we had seen the last of them. Stocks [...]
SPS (sanitary and phytosanitary standards) barriers figured prominently in the final Agricultural Council of 2008 under the French Presidency. Agricultural Ministers agreed Council Conclusions on the safety of imported agricultural and agri-food products and compliance with Community rules. At the same meeting, EU Farm Ministers rejected a Commission proposal to allow the use of antimicrobial [...]
Commissioner Mariann Fischer Boel’s proposal for five annual dairy quota increases of 1 per cent each, adopted unchanged by farm ministers, is under attack from two sides. The Commission believes that this is a sure sign that it has negotiated a fair middle path through a morass of conflicting objectives. A less charitable interpretation would [...]
The internet silence following the collapse of the Doha Round on 30 July last has been striking. It appears not only the negotiators but also the commentators feel the need for a well-earned August break. In a piece for last Sunday’s Irish Sunday Business Post, I tried to summarise my own views on why the [...]
The description of a Fortress Europe has often been applied to the CAP. But just as the CAP has undergone significant internal reform since the first faltering steps under Commissioner MacSharry in 1992, there have also been substantial changes to the CAP’s external trade regime. The EU still maintains high tariffs on specific agricultural imports, [...]