The Republic of Ireland will hold a referendum on ratification of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty on 12 June 2008. The Irish Farmers Association is urging a No vote, on the grounds that the EU’s push towards more open world markets in agriculture could expose them to competition from overseas, notably from Latin America.
Ireland gets way more than it’s fair share of EU farm handouts. And this fact will not be lost to other member states if Ireland votes to derail the Lisbon Treaty. The EU is currently engaged in a fundamental, ‘once in generation’ review of its budget. The main target for cuts appears to be the agriculture budget, which accounts for around 45% of all EU spending.
Here are some facts that might be of interest:
– Ireland pays €730 million towards the CAP (€178 per citizen) but gets €1.736 billion out of it (€423 per citizen). This gives a positive budgetary balance of €1.007 billion (€245 per citizen), the biggest net gain per citizen of any EU country. Remember that Ireland has a GDP per capita of €32,600, the second highest in Europe.
– Ireland receives €10,577 in CAP direct payments per farm worker (the highest in the EU), and €279 per hectare of farmland.
– Ireland’s farm sector not only benefits from cash payments from the EU, but a high level of tariff protection on its key sectors of beef and dairy. According to the OECD which tries to measure these things, beef farmers in Europe received border protection worth €10 billion in 2006, around 43% of the value of total EU beef production. This hidden consumer tax on the price of beef represents 43% of the total revenue of EU beef farmers.
– 75% of Ireland’s land area is classified as ‘less favoured’. This means it gets the EU’s area-based compensation payments under the Disadvantaged Area Compensatory Allowance of EUR 257 million in 2006.
– Over at farmsubsidy.org we recently released a list of farm subsidy payments in Ireland. Only the top 100 are named because the Irish Government felt that to name the others would be infringing on their constitutional rights to receive handouts in secret. 37 per cent of EU farm payments in Ireland go to the top 10 per cent of recipients.
– Agriculture accounts for 0.9 per cent Ireland’s GDP but 28 per cent of Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions, chiefly because of the methane emissions of its large subsidy-driven cattle herd. Ireland is currently 11 per cent above its Kyoto Protocol target.
Nobody likes to be blackmailed, and if Irish farmers have a hand in throwing the EU into another 2005-style constitutional turmoil, this will not be forgotten. Irish farmers get more than most from the EU, they may live to regret biting the hand that feeds them.